The licensing process for final disposal of spent nuclear fuel
The nuclear power industry in Sweden is responsible for presenting a safe method for the final disposal of spent nuclear fuel. The nuclear power producer's jointly owned company for waste management − The Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co's (SKB) − has submitted it's applications for a final repository according to the KBS-3 method in March 2011. The applications was submitted to the environmental court and the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority (SSM), and they have prepared them and then submitted their pronouncments to the government 23 January 2018.
The Government will decide how the spent nuclear fuel is to be disposed of. The Swedish National Council for Nuclear Waste serves in an advisory capacity to the Government before and during the Government’s examination of application.
Schematically, the process for licensing under the Environmental Code and the Nuclear Activities Act can be described as in the figure below. The figure is further described in in the Report 2011:2 Licensing under the Environmental Code and the Nuclear Activities Act of a final repository for spent nuclear fuel.